Tick elimination is a combination of chemical and non-chemical control methods in and around your home, as well as removing ticks from your dogs. Chemical elimination of ticks includes insecticide sprays and insecticide dusts. This article will detail both because both are important if you wish to rid your home and property of ticks. The more you understand this stubborn pest, the easier it will be in eliminating it. You might want to take time to read Tick Biology and Habits if you have not already done so.
Non-chemical tick control procedures should be implemented along with chemical control methods. These non-chemical control measures will greatly reduce tick problems. Keeping grass and weeds cut short in tick infested areas increases tick desiccation during hot weather, discourages alternative hosts and lessens the amount of plant material which may need a pesticide application to kill ticks. Removal of birds' nests in and around the property will reduce tick numbers, especially of soft ticks. Removal of clutter and debris on the property will also discourage rodent populations. You should also remove nesting material left by rodents. Screening and sealing entry points (used by squirrels, raccoons, chipmunks, rodents, bats, etc.) to houses and other structures will also greatly reduce tick problems in and around the home. Sealing cracks and crevices where ticks can hide, both inside and on the exterior of your home, will aid in tick management.
Habitat change is very important in tick control. Since ticks cannot hop or fly to get to their host, they must climb onto an object (such as tall vegetation, fences, etc.) and wait for a potential host to travel close by. Detecting shadows, vibrations, exhaled carbon dioxide or other host odors, the tick then drops from their tall perch to attach themselves to their host. Tall vegetation not only gives ticks easier access to their next passing host but also prevents insecticide applications from giving you the thorough coverage that you need. Pesticides that just "sit" on tall grasses, weeds and other vegetation are easily destroyed by sunlight. Properties and fence rows that are overgrown with weeds and tall grass offer excellent harborage for tick carrying rodents and reptiles; vegetation that grows too tall will naturally go to seed, attracting birds, rats, mice and other creatures that feed on seed. In summary, tall vegetation will severely inhibit your tick control!
In many cases, dogs (one of the main targets of ticks) will pick up ticks while roaming through wooded or overgrown areas, and also when taken for walks through parks. During the peak of tick season, you should limit your dog's access to these areas. The only tick collar that we have seen work consistently is the Preventic Tick Collar for Dogs. You could also use Frontline Topspot as a topical treatment or spray your dog with a solution made from Permethrin-10 if your dog is exposed to areas suspected to be tick infested. Regular examination and grooming of pets (especially dogs) and frequent cleaning of their bedding is also strongly recommended. Infested pet bedding should be carefully washed or disposed of. The area around the pet bed should be carefully and thoroughly treated (see insecticide treatment) with an approved dust or spray. It has to be emphasized that the dog must be treated if the infestation is to be eliminated.
Permethrin Pro is the best spray to use for outdoor and indoor tick elimination. This product should be used for tick prevention outdoors during tick season. Many people use Permethrin Pro for all of their pest control needs because it is safe, economical, low odor, water-safe for fabrics and effective against all household pests, when label instructions are followed. Insecticide dusts are also needed for indoor ticks. Treat all cracks, crevices and other such areas (beneath baseboards, edges of carpets, etc.) with Delta Dust.
Outdoors, special attention should be paid to lawns, shrubbery and crawl spaces under buildings of any size. These areas should be thoroughly treated with Permethrin Pro to kill ticks and to prevent infestations of fleas, ticks, ants and other pests. Apply Permethrin Pro outdoors with a hose-end sprayer only -- using a pump sprayer will not work! We have best results with the Gilmour Dial Sprayer. Treat all tick habitats, spraying shrubbery up to a height of 2 to 3 feet. If at all possible, mow grass and weeds on any vacant lot frequented by you, your pets and any other creature (rats, mice, raccoons, birds, reptiles) that can come into contact with your family. These areas should also be treated with Permethrin Pro. The recommended rate for killing outdoor ticks is 1 ounce of Permethrin Pro per 1,000 square feet of lawn. For prevention, 1 ounce of Permethrin Pro will cover 2,000 square feet.
Because of a tick's ability to detect and avoid pesticides, you must begin your pesticide application at the exterior of your home (or other structures), then work out and away from the house. This will help prevent "flushing" or "running" ticks up and into your home from outdoors. Keep pets and children off of any treated surfaces until dry. Permethrin Pro is one of the safest (and most effective) products on the professional market, but good safety practices are always smart -- read and follow all label instructions.
Kill Ticks Indoors With Drione and Permethrin Pro
All tick life stages can be found in cracks and crevices in the infested home. Spray all baseboards, furniture, flooring beneath furniture and flooring adjacent to walls with Permethrin Pro. Permethrin Pro cannot be shipped to MA, NY, NJ, CT, VT, AK. Permethrin Pro is an odorless product which is water-safe for fabrics. This means that Permethrin Pro will not harm your furniture, tile, hardwood floors, throw rugs or carpet, if water will not harm the same materials. Pay close attention to areas frequented by pets. After your Permethrin Pro application has dried, apply Drione Dust to all cracks and crevices, edges of carpets, under throw rugs, behind baseboards, behind door moldings and under and on pet bedding. When used as directed, Drione Dust and Permethrin Pro are safe to use in homes where there are children and pets. Drione Dust contains silica gel, which has a desiccating (or drying) action on ticks and other pests. Be prepared to make second or third applications of your indoor tick control products. Ticks can go without feeding for such long periods (during which time they stay concealed), they often do not contact treated surfaces before the application wears off. This is why many people get discouraged while trying to manage an indoor tick infestation.
Treat outdoors where your family or dog might come into contact with ticks. Treat all areas indoors (where ticks might come into contact) with Permethrin Pro. Keep pets and children off all treated areas until dry. After pesticide application has thoroughly dried, apply Drione Dust to cracks, crevices, hiding places as well as under and in pet beds. Repeat spray and/or dust applications in 7 - 10 days as needed. Ticks must be removed from dogs to obtain control -- even outdoor only dogs which family members come in contact with on a daily basis.
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